Wednesday, May 16, 2018

The age of the earth from the perspective of a Molinist

—Written to the audiences of both young and old earth ID.

After seeing a poll in a Facebook group that I am in, asking who in the group is old earth creationist or young earth creationist, I found myself, disappointingly, unable to participate. I believe there should be a third option, that the universe is both. I know this sounds like a joke, but let’s think about this for a second.
How is this not a contradiction? We know that Edwin Hubble discovered the Doppler Effect in the light spectrum which signifies that the borders of the universe are traveling away from us. This means that if we were to travel back in time at the speed of which time moves forward, we would end up with nothing, several million years ago signifying that the age of the universe is very, very old.
I am deeply familiar with both arguments very well, Whether the universe is old or young, as well as the arguments that are based on lies, esotericism, or pseudoscience, but this article is based purely on the idea that there are only two possibilities of intelligent design (ID), which are old earth or universe or young earth or universe.
So the Doppler Effect reveals that the earth is very old along with several other instances in cosmology, but at what age would we describe Adam and Eve at their first day of existence?
If you were to ask people how old Adam and Eve were when God created them, how old do you think most people would guess that they were at the beginning of their life? It seems that almost no one would make the claim that they were created as babies, from a basic surface reading of Genesis, let alone a scholarly understanding of Genesis. Think about this, Genesis 2:15 says, “The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and keep it.” There are several other verses in Genesis that imply Adam and Eve were adults, but I strongly believe that people who do believe that Adam and Eve were historical figures, would never believe them to be even children, let alone babies (not that the majority of beliefs makes truth, please do not misunderstand).

Did Adam and Eve Have Belly Buttons?
So they were probably not babies. This author also assumes that they were literal, historical people. Whether they had belly buttons might be for another day, but we can be fairly certain that God did not place babies in charge of the Garden of Eden. Not only would that produce a humorous and ridiculous picture, but also an impossible one. For instance, who would have nursed the infant Adam and Eve (not that God could not have provided somehow… I get it… please continue along)?
The point is, why can’t we also think of this idea with the universe? Adam and Eve in one possible world would have been babies, but they never actually existed as such. The universe had a Big Bang, just like Adam and Eve maybe had belly buttons. But what if the universe were created as an adult as well? Everything would appear to be mature, just like Adam and Eve were likely mature enough to procreate, so it is possible that the universe was created not necessarily at the actual Big Bang, even though that is the model we discover scientifically, but rather the universe was created further down the time span of the Borde Guth Vilenkin model of space-time. Plants were created as adults, the chickens and roosters were created together as adults, everything in the physical universe flora or fauna were created as adults. This must be how things began, God created the complete sets, male and female, and from there came all of the descendants.

How does this fit with Molinism? Because the Big Bang would be a possible world. Just like Jimmy Stewart’s character in “It’s a Wonderful Life” had a possible world, the big bang also was possible, but not necessary. Don’t get me wrong, I know the arguments of a mature creation by the YEC’s, but this is not the sense of what I am proposing. Also, I am asking the reader to set his or her presuppositions aside for a moment and try to make sense of this. Why would a possible world only work for a human being and not from the perspective of the universe?
For the YEC’s, this would answer why Stars are able to burn out and we can actually see them urn out. For the OEC’s, this would still allow them to see the earth as very old. If God used the big bang model, which would explain why we see the Doppler Effect in the light spectrum, this explains that God would have created even the light spectrum at a mature age. Hence, “God said, ‘Let there be light.’”
Plausibility for this seems absolutely realistic. If God created plants, animals, and mankind beginning at a mature age, then why would we not assume the same patterns about planets, stars, and galaxies …and the universe?

Written by Nace Howell through the grace of the Lord Jesus 

Tuesday, May 15, 2018

Straight from the Horses Mouth

The title of this article means — from the original or most reliable source.

“Why would I want to read a book that is 2000 years old?” I was asked this question by a high schooler in a discussion about a book by Anton LaVey. That book was the Satanic Bible. He said that he thought it made more sense than a book that was written over 2000 years ago or more. The idea here is that a book written over two thousand years ago would not be trustworthy because it is so old. Not only would this be an issue of absolute truths (whether they exist or not), but also that more modern writings are supposedly more trustworthy. If absolute truths do not exist, then we can literally know nothing. If they do exist, then time would have no effect on such things.

Islam, for instance, came 600 years after Christ. Why should we trust what it says about Jesus? Let’s first look at a few examples of what the Quran says about Jesus.

Surely the likeness of Isa [Jesus] is with Allah as the likeness of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he was (Sura 3:59).

This is saying that Jesus is a created being, much like what Jehovah’sWitnesses teach. The problem with this is that the first several verses in the Gospel of John teach something else:

In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made. Without Him nothing was made that has been made (John 1:1-3).

This causes us to rationalize that if Jesus was there before the beginning, and everything was made through Him, and there was nothing made at all unless it was made through Him, then He must not be a created being, but He must be the creator of the universe, according to the Bible. This is in direct contradiction with the Quran.
Speaking of contradictions and absolute truths, both of these citations above cannot be correct. Either Jesus was created or He was not created. Why would we have any reason to believe that Jesus was not created? I think His miracles attest to who He claimed to be: “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30). People wanted to kill Him for blasphemy because He said this. Now why would we think this phrase means anything differently today? There is no reason to think that Jesus meant something else, because of the reaction of those who opposed Him. Jehovah’s Witnesses often make the claim that He never meant to be worshiped, but seriously, it seems inevitable if He was who He says He was. In any event, we have very strong evidences to believe that John’s testimony about Him is in fact true, absolutely.

Another example that I think shines like a sore thumb in the Quran is Sura 4:157-158:

And their saying: Surely we have killed the Messiah, Isa [Jesus] son of Marium [Mary], the messenger of Allah; and they did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it appeared to them so (like Isa) and most surely those who differ therein are only in a doubt about it; they have no knowledge respecting it, but only follow a conjecture, and they killed him not for sure. Nay! Allah took him up to Himself; and Allah is Mighty, Wise.

Let’s look at what Paul says in 1 Corinthians 15:3-8 for a moment:

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. Then he appeared to more than five hundred brothers at one time, most of whom are still alive, though some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one untimely born, he appeared also to me.

Again, this is much the opposite of what the Quran teaches. Either Jesus was killed, or He wasn’t. Don’t you think the people who saw Him bleed out (see John 19:34) and those who wrapped His dead body full of spices and buried Him (see John 19:38-42) would know if He were dead or not? It seems ridiculous to even question such a thing.
So Islam came 600 years after Jesus. Shouldn’t we trust documents written closest to the source? Closest to the original?

Similarly, Mormonism was founded long after Jesus’ time on earth, but still has much to say about Him. Mormonism came 1900 years after Christ, and the sacred scripture to Mormonism is the Book of Mormon. Why should we trust what it said about Christ? The answer is that we shouldn’t. For one, it also directly contradicts things written about Jesus that are found in the Bible, and secondly, it was written nearly two millennia after Jesus time on earth.
The message that the Book of Mormon teaches can be summed up in 2 Nephi 25:23:

For we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all you can do.

This is very different from what the Bible teaches. Consider the partial plagiarism that Joseph Smith is guilty of from Ephesians 2:8-9:

For we know that it is by grace we are saved, through faith, and this, not of ourselves. It is the gift of God, not by works, so that no one may boast.

The two different messages clearly displayed here are that either our works help save us, or they do not. Again, this is like saying that a woman is both pregnant and not pregnant at the same time. Both cannot be true. Should we go by what some random dude in the 19th Century says about the message Jesus gave us, or should we reach as close to the source as possible?
Joseph Smith, the author of the Book of Mormon, also says this about the book he authored with frequent plagiarized citations:

I told the brethren that the Book of Mormon was the most correct of any book on earth, and the keystone of our religion, and a man would get nearer to God by abiding by its precepts, than by any other book (History of the Church, 4:461).

The most correct book of any on earth! Wow! Not having read all of the books that were ever printed on Planet Earth since the invention of books, myself, that seems like an enormous claim. It would be like me saying that this article is the most correct article on earth. I’m certain there will be a few raised eyebrows at this point, for good reason. It is simply a ridiculous claim. If the Book of Mormon is superiorly correct, why is it so filled with logical fallacies, plagiarism, and opposition to the Bible? Joseph Smith claims that God translated the Book of Mormon for him through a stone that he gazed at while it was in his hat. Why would the plates that he found be necessary at all if he didn’t even use them to translate the Book of Mormon, and why was the book translated into a language that was no longer spoken at the time of the translation?

Shouldn’t we want to know what happened closest to the source? Would we trust documents that were written about the events of 9/11 2000 years after it happened or would the nearest testimonies surrounding the event be more accurate?
The closer we are to the source allows less time for embellishment. The closer materials we have to the actual event is going to be closer to what actually happened. This is why the Christian community gets so excited when an even older manuscript is discovered in the archives of the world’s greatest museums. They never disagree with the doctrines of Christianity!
Police know this tactic of sources all too well. This is why they separate their witnesses when interviewing at the scene of the crime. If the witness can talk with each other before they are interviewed, then they can change their story. Partial differences are naturally occurring, but there is never a question as to what really happened. Much like the gospels. They have very minor discrepancies, but they all make absolute claims that Jesus died and rose again. They do not budge on the doctrines.
Anton LaVey died the year I graduated high school. Class of ’97. He died in my lifetime. When someone reads this a thousand years from now, they will look at this and trust this source because I, the author was alive at the time of the event. Whatever legend or misinformation someone makes about the author or his book in the future, depending on the subject matter, the source could shut it down. That which is closest to the source is more trustworthy than that which is further away from the source. Just go straight to the horse’s mouth. There is a reason this idiom is so popular.

Written by Nace Howell through the grace of the Lord Jesus

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

The Chronolgy of the Gospel of John

I have read or listened to the Gospel of John well over 300 times, and in my studies, I discovered that John follows a specific chronological order, I believe, based on the Passover. After doing some research, I found one source on some similar data. Below is a link to Andreas Köstenberger’s Johannine Chronology.

Köstenberger reveals a chronology of John’s Gospel with the telos of a specific crucifixion year, as well as insight on the events of the earthly ministry of Christ.
I, however, am more interested in how John built his Gospel around the three mentioned Passovers. John 2:23; 6:4; and 12:1 mark the three different Passovers, showing three different years. I have placed below, verses after the Passover references which reveal them to be chronological and ultimately sequential.
The Gospel of John was built around seven miracles and the seven I AM statements, theologically speaking, but it seems that many are not aware that chronologically, it is also written around three Passovers, indicating concentrated areas of Jesus’ three year ministry. This is important because we can get a more accurate date of the crucifixion, as Köstenberger’s article suggests, but also because we can better understand the concentrations of and significance to the miracles of Jesus according to John’s historical biography.
John writes: “Now there are also many other things that Jesus did. Were every one of them to be written, I suppose that the world itself could not contain the books that would be written” (21:25). Knowing the expanse of time between the Passovers, we can see where many of these “other things” that aren’t listed may have occurred.

The three different Passovers recorded in John's Gospel:

John 2:23, "Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many believed in his name when they saw the signs that he was doing."
  • John 3:22, “After this Jesus and his disciples went into the Judean countryside, and he remained there with them and was baptizing.”

John 6:4, "Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand."

  • John 7:2, “Now the Jews' Feast of Booths was at hand.”
  • John 7:37, “On the last day of the feast, the great day, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to me and drink.”
  • John 10:22, “At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem. It was winter…”

John 12:1, “Six days before the Passover, Jesus therefore came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.”

This information seeks to help illuminate one’s understanding of John (Ephesians 1:18), and also further acknowledge historical events recorded in the beloved disciples’ eye-witness account. 

Written by Nace Howell through the grace of the Lord Jesus.